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66-Form Names Link to Martial Arts, Alchemy, Cosmology, Music Themes, and Social History and  四藝 the Four Arts.

The LiuHe BaFa Nanjing and Hong Kong forms consist of 66 form-series groups, organized as two halves, each with slightly different style, intent, and likely, a differing source. [ there are also 96-form series, per  Jiang Jian-Ye  姜建业  ; a 37-form series, per Yun Yin-sen 恽银森 ; a 108-tai-chi-LHBF-form, per Moy Lin-shin (Mei Lian-xian,( 梅連羨)]  .

The first half moves taichi- or xingyi -like with repetitions on left and rights sides; sequences can be easily compared to qi-gong patterns found within the taichi- ruler qi-gong [horizontal, vertical, lateral], and with patterns and principles from 'water' boxing.

The second half is obviously more flowing and multi-directional; there are many sub-technique -movements, timing variations, and stepping methodologies possible.

It is also important to point out that with the standard 'moving' exercise, there also exists a stationary 'standing' in place no stepping exercise parallel to a qigong.

There are other variations on each.  An example is from Zhang2 Chang1-xin4 張長 信 as Huo2 bu4 shi4  活歩式 'Lively stepping style' [Msr. Zhang melds LHBF with YiQuan] and  Peter Ziboce,  Shao4 Bao3-sheng4 of HK's  LHBF-style: ze ge   太極禪舞.

Note: the first English translation of the form names was by John Chung Li while in Boston, MA; this is followed by Eric Lee who is most copied; the Yun Yin-sen website is an almost exact copy. The Lu Gui-yao website is strangely parallel to Eric Lee's; Msr. Lu's student J.K.Wong is again similar.

Zhu-Xi Philosopher CE 1100
Fate and Destiny

Preparation and opening :  Zhu1 Ji3 築基,' finding the foundation'.
     Chinese depict their philosophical thinkers as zhu-zi  諸子, a homonym; also, there is a homonym to consider which is also meaningful: 註釋 zhu4 shi4, 'explain and elucidate' [explain; annotate; make entry] + [interpret, elucidate; release]. zhu1 (zhu4) ji3  築基, or construction of the foundations, is the stage described as selecting the ideal site to build the alchemy laboratory and furnace- caldron in. It is a stage for inner alchemist to recognize the position of the inner alchemical furnace and caldron, tan tien Strengthening the body and mind (jing, qi and shen) is a primary requisite. Objectives being creation of a pill of immortality.

> Lianjing huaqi  練精化氣, or refining jing to qi, is the stage to refine the ordinary body fluids or subtle influences.
> Lianqi huashen  練氣化神, or refining qi to shen, or yangshen 陽神 or the pure yang spirit, is “the phase of yang-ization.”
> Lianshen huaxu  練神化虛, or refining shen to the void, is not frequently discussed in the Classics of Inner Alchemy, or in practice.
[ Note: The name and usage of zhu ji is not unique to LHBF, it is an esoteric name, part of a methology. Thus there exists a 築基zhu ji-boxing and a zhu ji-[ as applied to Tai-chi-boxing ]
Addendum :

   It  seems 'odd' that officially, no martial records from the claimed 'founder' of LHBF, sage Chen 'Xiyi' Tuan-Bo exist even though Chen Tuan was immersed in the usual stock of taoism and the yi-ching symbols.

   Also of the Song Dynasty, was scholar Zhu Xi朱熹  who was interested in observing and learning from reality; his emphasis being on the investigation of things gewu, 格物  [ 朱熹, October 18 1130, Yuxi, Fujian province, China – April 23, 1200, China) was a Song Dynasty (960-1279) Confucian scholar who became the leading figure of the School of Principle and the most influential rationalist Neo-Confucian in China. His contribution to Chinese philosophy included his assigning special significance to the Analects of Confucius, the Mencius, the Great Learning, and the Doctrine of the Mean (the Four Books), ] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhu_Xi

 六合八法   liu he ba fa   Zhu1 Ji3” 築基, finding the foundation; not an idiom.
 預備      y bi,        1. Preparation, to prepare; to make ready
 準備      zhǔn bi
 開式      kāi shi'       1. Opening, beginning [ opening type, form, pattern, style]
 開幕式     kāi m sh     opening ceremony
 闭幕式     b m sh .     2. Closing cermonies
築基 (上路) : First Half - Forms
01停車問路     02臨崖勒馬     03閉門推月
04撥雲見日     05臨崖勒馬     06摘星換斗
07鴻雁雙飛     08閉門推月     09孤雁出群
10野馬追風     11川流不息     12伏虎聽風
13聲東擊西     14青龍探爪     15丹成九轉
16撥雲見日     17順水推舟     18怒馬回頭
19瓶花落硯     20高山流水     21童子送書
22樵夫擔柴     23天官指星     24五雲捧日
25托天蓋地     26燕子抄水     27朝陽貫耳
28截手雙推     29薰風掃葉     30燕子啣泥
31靈猿摘果     32猛虎回頭     33旋轉乾坤
LHBF-HwaYo-Forms Series-1:
LHPF-HwaYo Forms Names

築基 (下路) : Second Half - Forms
34風擺荷葉     35掩手紅拳     36琵琶遮面
37流星趕月     38燕子斜飛     39丹鳳朝陽
40翻江攪海     41倒騎龍背     42狸貓撲蝶
43抽樑換柱     44風捲殘雲     45螫龍現身
46烏龍擺尾     47平分秋色     48走馬觀花
49魁星獻斗     50燕子穿雲     51提手七星
52雁字橫斜     53黃龍轉身     54五聖朝天
55葉底藏蓮     56鳳凰展翅     57白鶴啄魚
58月掛松梢     59倒揭牛尾     60童子抱琴
61犀牛望月     62鷂子穿林     63赤龍攪水
64風動浮萍     65氣升昆崙     66存氣開關

LHBF-HwaYo-Forms Series-2 :
LHBF-HwaYo Form Names
NOTE :  The names used for the 66 form titles are somewhat odd for a 'martial' exercise.  Few are actually 'martial' in character as a  'hidden' punch.
Line-28 :     截手雙推 jie2 shou3 shuang1 tui 1
 Intercept and block the hand paired as two they push forward
Line-35 :     掩手衝拳 yan3 shou3 chong1 quan2
 Cover, conceal  the hand and  'charge against boxing'
   Most can easily be shown to be derived from archaric idioms, poetry, and Chinese qin zither themes and pipa  琵琶 lute-guitar .
   The use of names as the 'woodsman'  woodcutter  樵夫 qiao1 fu2 
Line-22 :  is juxtaposed with the 'fisherman' in Qin themes.
   The use of 'high mountains and flowing streams' appears exactly as this in Qin lyrics.
Line-20 :  高山流水  gao1 shan1 liu2 shui3
   from ...alpine mountains 高山 flowing streams-water  流水 [ falls down ]
Line-11 :  川流不息   chuan2 liu1 bu4 xi2
     River current-flows / without [no] endings
A common saying.
There are common idioms voiced also,
Line-4, Line-16:  撥雲見日 bo2 yun1 jian4 ri4
     Brush aside the clouds ...to see the sun
    ' dispel the clouds and see the sun - restore justice '
Line-8 :  閉門推月   Bi 4 men2 tui1 yue4
  Close (the) door-gate / push expel (the) moon
     The 閉門 close-door references here are all to biographies of people 'closing the door' so as to study; they are not in qin lyrics. They DO NOT suggest  'restricted teachings, closed to the public' and secrets ...as some have suggested.
   There also exists Qin songs and lyrics devoted to the 'water-spirit' and written by an archaic author whose name includes both Bo and Duan. Similar phonetically to the claimed author of LHBF, Msr. Chen Bo Tuan.  This brings up two  suppositions : first that the author of these form names, as 4-character strings either knew or borrowed from Qin themes or songs.  Also, the water, waterspirit, names may have played into its history or been borrowed as convenient, flowing water, wind, drifting, currents.
   There is also common, natural philosophy, admonishing to 'turn around'  Hui1tou1, 回頭; tiger turning, horse turning,
     All of the other LHBF websites and books, English or Chinese,  have not explored nomenclature, idioms, and musical allusions and historical references of the LHBF form names, 66 in all. Qin-zither lyrics are evident as are alchemical references.
    The full 66-Lines of Form names can be viewed as http://liuhebafa.net
Eric Lee [ eric.lee@mac.com,], as part of a commentary.
   A complete translation with commentary and theme references is available in my Fourth Edition publication.

Re: LHBF Forum,    April 16, 2010 Friday, 2010 8:08 AM

From: "Thomas Choi" choithomas@gmail.com 

To: waterspirit6x8@yahoo.com  [ now at waterspirit6x8@gmail.com ]

Dear Khan: Good to hear you are busy and your research has gone deep indeed from the traditional chinese, those who know the Four Arts  ( 四藝 : 琴棋書畫 ): 琴Qin 棋 chess  書 book 畫drawing.. were well respected. If one knows the Four Arts and the Martial Arts, they were more respected [ this is rare however ].

So, you have found many four-arts names in the 66-form names In the 5 word song there are also many of Buddhist and Taoist. A Master is not only a martial arts man but an educated man.

With best, Thomas Choi, Hong Kong.

Examples of modern Qin music :
with concepts names similar to the LHBF 66-Form names,

> Liu Shui 流水"Flowing Water"


> Pei Lan 佩蘭"Admiring the Orchid" http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pei_Lan.ogg

> Pingsha Luoyan 平沙落雁 "Wild Geese Descending on the Sandbank"


> Qiufeng Ci 秋風詞"Ode of the Autumn Wind"


> Feng Qiu Huang 鳳求凰"The Phoenix Seeks His Mate"