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Exchange Lu-Hong Eight Fists Boxing

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Identities :
Lu Hong Ba Shi : 呂紅八勢 :
Eight Link Fist Exercise Series of Lu Hong
aka Yang cheng innate boxing  陽城 拳勢
[ Note: The Yang-cheng 陽城 terminology also appears in descriptions of Tai Chi Chuan. 太極拳.  Also, it would be better to name it 拳勢 chuan shi, innate power.]
Liu Hum Ba Sai = LH8 =LHBS
Lu Hong Ba Shi (8 Essences of Lu Hong's Fist) and similars
Lui Hung 8 Style [ caution: Liu Hung Chieh was a bagua teacher]

Definitions:
呂   lǚ  a surname; Mr 'Lu'
   hong, red, vermillion; blush, flush
   Cojoined: Lu+Hong, 'red' Mr. Lu or Mr. Lu is flushed from exertion or assertive.
[Comment: there seems to be no one surviving today who understands this expression beyond it being a name and an adjective; there is no idiom using this
紅河 Hng h  (N) Honghe (place in Yunnan); 紅狼 hng lng  red wolf; 紅利  hng l  bonus; a dividend.]
 
shi, conditions, influence, tendency
勢必  sh b, is bound to (happen)
勢力  sh li  power; (ability to) influence
勢能  sh nng,  potential energy
勢頭  sh tu,  momentum; tendency
勢在必行  sh zi b xng,  be imperative; be required by circumstances
[ Note: the term 勢 shi, would actually be better to represent innate-force tendency than the usual chuan 拳 fist or chang palm.]

Lu Hong Ba Shi : 呂紅八勢 :
Eight Link Fist Exercise Series of Lu Hong
aka Yang cheng innate boxing  陽城 拳勢
[ Note: The Yang-cheng 陽城 terminology also appears in descriptions of Tai Chi Chuan. 太極拳.]
 
Disambiguous : note...
> Lu Hong Ba Shi : 呂紅八勢, the Eight ' Imperatives ' of Lu Hong.
> Lu Hong Ba Shi : can be found to be called fist-boxing also as palm .
>More often, in chinese websites, it is called 拳勢 chuan shi, or innate boxing force. 
>In the chinese websites, it is also called Lu Hong Boxing [fist] 呂紅
[ Note: There exists variance in naming as  'fist' and 'palm';  the styles-name is also somewhat 'commonized' in some of the USA martial schools who often have no idea of the more standard naming.]
 
   In Choi Wai-lun's school, Chicago, it is also referred to as Mother-son 母兒 mu er , due to the linkage between the 8-sets of movements; ie. source-origin to protege-effect-to the child.
> Mu er Pa lien : Mother / Son, Eight Linked Palms or just Mother-Son Fist.
> Lu Hong pa-lien : 呂紅八 , : [ link= ] linked fist; or
> Pa-Lien chuan : , Eight Link Fist linked fist; used only in Choi Wai Lun's curriculum.
[ Comment: This has led to much confusion of identity when conversing with the Chinese.]

Martial Manuscript References:
 
Ji xiao xin shu 紀效新書 by Qi Jiguang 慼繼光 (1528 - 1588) -
>  "Lu Hong's 8 Moves are hard 呂紅八下雖剛"
Wu bian 武編 by Tang Shunzhi 唐順之 (1507 - 1560) –
>  "Lu's six roads of short strikes 呂短打六套"
Zhen ji 陣紀 by He Liangchen 何良臣 (1506 - 1600) -
>  "Lu Hong's 8 Moves 呂紅之八下"
Wubei yaolue 武備要略 by Cheng Ziyi 程子頤 (late 16th - 17th C.) –
>  "Lu Hong's 8 Moves 呂紅之八下

A proposal for origins :
There has been a proposed thesis that LuHong BaShi may be from the Ming Dynasty and also may be derived from the 'ba ji' family of martial exercises.
Ba ji- is believed to originate from the shan yue  山越  tribe who resided in southern China during the Han Dynasty.
[Comment: notice the phonetic similarity of Mt. Hua Yue Shan and Shan Yue]
[Note: there is a long history of phonetic renaming of ba-ji, ba-chi, etc. There is also the usage the number eight symbolically and that this aspect crosses over between related styles. See the Three Eights by Ted Mancuso.
Reference:
 
There does exist a collective of similar named martial exercises to consider:
金刚八式    Jin-gang-ba-shi, Buddhas warrior-attendants 8-forms
巴子拳 or  鈀子拳 Ba Zi Quan, rake fist
八極拳           Ba Chi Quan, eight extremes fist
"把式"            Ba Shi, skill
八式              Ba Shi, eight forms
呂紅八勢       Lu Hong Ba Shi
四拳八勢       Sz Quan Ba Shi
六合功法八式 Liu He Gong Fa Ba Shi
六合形意       Liu He  Xing Yi
六合八法        Liu He  Ba Fa
元通八法        Yuan Tong Ba Fa
References:

 Yng2-chng2 陽城 [ 拳勢 ] according to teacher Lu Gui-yao, was an ancient name, meaning yang2= male-principle, motive-source, light-sun; cheng2=city-town municipality or a castle, chuan=quan2= fist-symbol, boxing; Yang Cheng, as a place in (N) Shanxi Province was founded by Yu the Great, Xia Dynasty. 2205 BCE-2197 BCE. Yang Cheng was also one of the historical capital cities of China. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historical_capitals_of_China

陽城 Yng-chng was also a notable officials' name, an imperial scholar who led a group of junior officials in a petition to spare Chancellor Lu Zhi for making accusations against Pei Yanling the favorite of Emperor Dezong, [ died 805] , [ son of Emperor Daizong during the Tang Dynasty, ] Yang cheng and others were punished to exile. He was later recalled by the succeeding Emperor. It remains a puzzle as to its naming.

Often associated with LiuHe BaFa ( 六合八法 ) exercise, from its incept, is the influence and parallel teaching of Lu Hong 8-link 'imperatives' fist: LuHong BaShi .(LH8) ( 呂紅八勢 ).

This exercise appears in LHBF coupled with teacher Wu Yi-hui; the association being strongest in Nanjing at the Nanjing Martial Institute where LH8 was taught separately and in the case of special student Yin Tin, this was all he was taught.   

It is generally believed that LH8 was Wu's first exercise form; being favored, it was retained, reworked to internal principles, and adapted as both a parallel teaching and also absorbed into the LHBF; some of the 'gestures' that differentiate LHBF from taichi- can be found in LH8. [Other exercises introduced collectively with LHBF include usually, 3-levels, 12-animals; ( 三盤十二勢 )

Exterior exercises: tiger, dragon..for motion and hand toys.]

Often associated with LiuHe BaFa ( 六合八法 ) exercise, from its Nanjing incept, is the influence and parallel teaching of Lu Hong 8-link 'imperatives' fist: LuHong BaShi (LH8) ( 呂紅八勢 ).

This exercise appears in LHBF coupled with teacher Wu Yi-hui; the association being strongest in Nanjing at the Nanjing Martial Institute where LH8 was taught separately and in the case of special student Yin Tin, this was all he was taught.   

It is generally believed that LH8 was Wu's first or intermediary exercise forms; being favored, it was retained, reworked to internal principles, and adapted as both a parallel teaching and also absorbed into the LHBF; some of the 'gestures' that differentiate LHBF from taichi- can be found in LH8. [Other exercises introduced collectively with LHBF include usually, 3-levels, 12-animals; ( 三盤十二勢 )

Other Exterior exercises: tiger, dragon swimming motion and hand toys.

The Eight Potential, Innate Skills of LH8:
LuHong Bashih 呂紅八勢  Eight 'shi' Potentials  八勢名稱為 :
1> 衝擊  impact,  
2> 挑掠  pick swept,
3> 斬截  chopped cut,
4> 翻擰  turn screw,
5> 穿鑽  wear diamond, 
6> 滾閉  roll closing,
7> 雲撐  brace cloud,
8> 橫扳  horizontal pull.

Form Series Names :
<1>(一) 衝擊、<2>(二) 挑掠、<3>(三) 斬截、<4>(四) 翻擰
<5>(五) 穿轉、<6>(六) 閉滾、<7>(七) 雲撐、<8>(八) 扳橫
 
There are eight series of exercise forms in the LH8 system :

No

Series

Title

Translated Names : Meaning

Picture Series

1

第一勢

衝擊

Chong2 ji2 : be 'under attack'

Rush & strike [simplified 冲击]

First sequence:

1-20 frames

2

第二勢

挑掠

Tiao1 lue3 : raise up carry on shoulders and ransack, passby, plunder

Second sequence:

1-19 frames

3

第三勢

斬截

Zhan3 jiu2 : chop, sever, behead;

cutoff, obstruct, stop, intersect

Third sequence:

1-17 frames

4

第四勢

翻擰

Fan1 ning2 : flip-over, capsize, turnover;

and twist, wring, pinch

Fourth sequence:

1-15 frames

5

第五勢

穿轉

Chuan1 zhuang3 : penetrate, pierce, drill;

pass through; Turn shift, move

Fifth sequence:

1-11 frames

6

閉滾

Bi4 gun3 : shut, close, obstruct, block;

roll, rotate, turn

Sixth sequence:

1-17 frames

7

雲撐

Yun2 cheng1 : clouds 'yunnan'

brace, support, prop-up

Seventh sequence:

1-11 frames

8

扳橫

Pan1 heng2 : pull, drag;

across, horizontal, lateral

Eighth sequence:

1-10 frames

120 frames in publication.

LuHong Ba-Shi
lh8-series-8.jpg
Series No.8

Series Number 8 is a good example of the turning and crossing practiced utilizing momentum swings.

LuHong Ba-shi
lh8-crossing-5.jpg
Series No.5

 Series Number 5 is a good example of the agressive advancing  practiced, similar to that of xing-yi-chuan

Full Text Description and Image Plates for LH8:
  There was previously a reprint of a chinese martial magazine article depicting and describing the LH8 series.
References
Resources at Dr. Law, Yiu-kwong ( Y.K. Law )
 

Note : The use of numeric formula titles for boxing series is somewhat common :
there does exist a xin-yi quan boxing form series called
  四拳八勢 sz-quan ba-shi, the shi  勢 symbol often appears elsewhere.
Reference: